Elsadig Musa Ahmed, Multimedia University, Malaysia

Purpose: This paper aiming to explain the concept of Green Productivity (GP) is drawn from the integration of two important developmental strategies viz. productivity improvement and environmental protection. Productivity provides the framework for continuous improvement while environmental protection provides the foundation for sustainable development. Therefore, Green productivity is a strategy for enhancing productivity and environmental performance for overall socio-economic development.

Design/methodology/approach: Three variations frameworks and econometric models were developed based on extensive and intensive growth theories to measure green total factor productivity, green labour productivity and green capital productivity and their contributions to green productivity and sustainable development.

Findings: The sustainability of higher economic growth is likely to continue to be productivity driven through the enhancement of Total Factor Productivity (TFP) as a technological progress of the nations that combined the three dimensions of sustainable development (economic development, environmental protections and social sustainable development via human capital development). Such enhancement needs to put an emphasis on the quality of workforce, demand intensity, economic restructuring, capital structure, technical progress and environmental standards. It should be recalled that the green productivity through green TFP demonstrates sustainable development concept of progressing technologically and to ensure the right of the future forthcoming generations to enjoy better life as well the current generations.

Originality: The paper fills the gaps in growth theories by developing there variations frameworks and econometric models and internalising the pollutants emissions as private and unpriced inputs in the three models. Further, the green capital productivity model is the sole contributing model ever developed in this paper as it has not been thought about it in any study so far.

Keywords: Sustainable development, green productivity, TFP, labour productivity, capital productivity