(pp.154-163) B. Mrayyan ‘Towards structured integrated environmental approach to maintain sustainability in Jordan’, World Sustainable Development Outlook, 2004
BASSAM MRAYYAN, THE HASHEMITE UNIVERSITY, ZARQA, JORDAN
AAbstract: As Jordan enters the twenty-first century, it faces enormous environmental problems reflected in pollution and the depletion of natural resources exacerbated by broader economic and political difficulties. In addition, rapid industrialization combined with poor management and monitoring, the absence of appropriate regulation, bureaucracy, and a lack of financial and technical resources and baseline information, have traditionally constrained opportunities for effective policy-making and action. Nowadays the government, working alongside research institutions and a range of local and international agencies have gained a consensus – to give considerable attention to the development of an integrated strategic environmental approach to include policy-making, environmental planning and program assessments, and the implementation of state-of-the-art technologies in the areas of wastewater, solid waste and air pollution management and regulation. This paper presents the historical context, an analysis of the current situation and an assessment of the potential for introducing environmental policy and management programs benchmarked against best-practice in developed countries.
Keywords : Sustainability; Environmental Pollution; Existing Practices; Management; Moving Forwards; Constraints; and Recommendations.