[ 1st July 2019 by Allam Ahmed 0 Comments ]

(pp. 092-107) A. R-B, M. Sáez, G. Coenders and M. Solanas ‘Factors influencing current beliefs about dairy and lactose intolerance among university students’, IJFNPH, Vol. 10, No 2, 2018

International Journal of Food, Nutrition and Public Health (IJFNPH)Aina Roca-Barceló, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
Marc Sáez, University of Girona, Spain
Germà Coenders, University of Girona, Spain
Montserrat Solanas*, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to identify factors that influence beliefs about dairy and lactose intolerance (LI) and to describe the regionalism of this influence.

Design and Methods: An online questionnaire-based study of university students from Catalonia, Spain (n=196) and Hordaland, Norway (n=132) was used. We used standardised factor scores as a continuous measure of beliefs and analysed their association with different factors using a linear mixed model, stratified by region.

Findings: In Hordaland, only socio-demographic variables were associated with beliefs, suggesting a positive influence of social norms, probably driven by a stable and long tradition of dairy consumption and low LI prevalence. In Catalonia, participants enrolled in a Masters or a health-related discipline scored higher, suggesting an active acquisition of beliefs.

Value and Practical Implications: Our results put into evidence the importance of assessing the characteristics of each community in order to develop tailored interventions aimed at improving students’ beliefs about dairy.

Keywords: dairy; lactose intolerance; beliefs; Norway; Spain

Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Aina Roca-Barceló et al ‘‘Factors influencing current beliefs about dairy and lactose intolerance among university students’, Int. J. Food, Nutrition and Public Health, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 92–107.

IJFNPH V10 N2 2018 Roca Barceló et al
IJFNPH V10 N2 2018 Roca Barceló et al
AboutAllam Ahmed

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