A. Al-Roubaie and S. Al Dallal “Building capacity for sustainable development: the role of science and technology”

Amer Al-Roubaie and Shawqi Al Dallal, Ahlia University, Bahrain

Purpose: The aim of this paper is to examine the role that science and technology plays in sustaining development.  Science and technology improve the efficiency of resources through innovation and development of new techniques that utilize resources more efficiently. Investment in science and technology not only serves to increase productivity of extracted natural resources, but also facilities creation of substitutes for non-renewable resources with a view to averting, or at least delaying, their depletion.  The paper underscores the importance of research and development, knowledge creation, innovation and collaboration in environmental protection and sustainable development.  Science and technology not only provide solutions to meet environmental challenges, but also foster diversification of the industrial-base and reduce the risk of depletion of natural resources. 

Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses technological and scientific evidence to explore the importance of science and technology in sustainable development. Data derived from national and international institutions will used to highlight the impact of scientific knowledge and technological development on future sustainability.

Findings: In deepening understanding about the relationship between science and technology and sustainable development, the paper underscores the need for investment in science and technology for sustainable development. 

Originality/value: The paper sheds some light on the role that science and technology can play in overcoming challenges impeding sustainable development as experienced currently by developing countries.

 Keywords: Science and technology, globalization, sustainable development, environmental protection, education 

WASD conf 2019 flyer A4
WASD conf 2019 flyer A4

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